In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a series of procedures used to prevent genetic problems and aid in fertility and childbearing. IVF is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology. The procedure can be done using a couple’s own eggs and sperm. During IVF treatment, mature eggs are collected from the ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a laboratory. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs are transferred to the uterus. The IVF cycle takes about three weeks. Sometimes these steps are broken up into different parts and the process can take even longer. A couple’s chances of having a healthy baby with IVF are dependent on many factors, including age and the cause of infertility. The consulted specialist will provide the most accurate guidance on issues such as how the in vitro fertilization treatment applied by the couples should be done, the potential risks and whether this infertility treatment method is suitable for the couple.
WHO CAN BE CANDIDATES FOR IVF TREATMENT?
IVF treatment may be offered as the primary treatment for infertility in women over the age of 40. Some conditions found in couples applying for this treatment may make them candidates for IVF treatment. These situations are; Fallopian tube damage or obstruction .
IVF TREATMENT CAN CARRY SOME RISKS!
Heavy; The success rate of an IVF treatment depends on many factors. These include the age of the patients, their medical problems, the treatment approaches of the specialist and the health institution. In vitro fertilization, like many health procedures, carries some risks. Some of these risks are; *Multiple pregnancy. *Premature birth and low birth weight. *Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. *Complications of egg collection process. *Ectopic pregnancy. *Birth defects. *Increased risk of cancer in advanced age, which may occur after repeated infertility treatments. * Stress and anxiety experienced in the process
YOU MUST HAVE THESE SCREENINGS BEFORE TREATMENT
Couples applying for treatment will need several screenings before starting an IVF cycle using their eggs and sperm. These scans; Ovarian Reserve Test To determine the quantity and quality of eggs, the specialist may check the ovaries with USG and order an anti-mullerian hormone concentration test during the first few days of the menstrual cycle. The test results used can help predict how the ovaries will respond to fertility drugs.
If not done as part of the initial fertility assessment, the specialist will perform a semen analysis shortly before the start of the IVF treatment cycle. Infectious Disease Screening Couples are screened for infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis. Uterine Examination Before starting IVF treatment, the specialist will examine the uterus with ultrasound. Whoever is pressing on the inside of the uterus will check for any problems (such as fibroids). In addition, with the uterine film (HSG), a drug is injected into the uterus to check whether there is a problem with the inside of the uterus or whether the tubes are open. Hormone tests Thyroid hormone and prolactin (milk hormone) levels are checked to see if there is a problem for pregnancy.