How is it applied?
IVF primarily involves stimulating the ovaries with the application of hormone injections to produce one or more follicles containing eggs. Second, these eggs are collected and fertilized by embryologists in the laboratory using a sperm sample prepared from the male to form an embryo. The development of the embryos is closely monitored and if healthy developing quality embryos are formed, they are transferred to the woman’s uterus.
What are the stages of IVF treatment?
A thorough evaluation is done before starting IVF treatment and depending on the results, the patient is advised on pre-treatment preparation, including any medication.
Ovarian stimulation involves a schedule of daily injections of a stimulating hormone for 8-12 days. During this time, your ovarian response is closely monitored by ultrasound examination and laboratory tests.
Collection of egg and sperm sample
Egg retrieval is a minor procedure in which eggs are drawn one by one using an aspiration device. Thanks to the sedation, the operation time is less than 30 minutes, the egg retrieval process is fast and painless. No stitches or scars are formed. A sperm sample is obtained from the male partner.
Fertilization and embryo culture procedure
Prepared eggs and sperm are placed in a petri dish in a laboratory environment for fertilization to occur. Laboratory procedures are one of the most important stages in the IVF treatment cycle. For several days after fertilization, the development of the embryos is closely monitored for optimum growth.
Pre-implantation Genetic Test (PGT)
PGD involves checking the DNA of embryo chromosomes that are formed and developed during IVF treatment for genetic diseases and anomalies such as Down Syndrome, Sickle Cell Anemia and cystic fibrosis. Embryos determined to be healthy after PGD are transferred to the uterus, reducing the risk of miscarriage.
Embryo transfers occur 3 or 5 days after fertilization in fresh cycles, and at a scheduled time in frozen embryo transfers. The procedure itself is relatively quick, painless and takes about 15 minutes to complete. A flexible catheter is inserted through the vagina, through the cervix and into the uterus, and the embryos are carefully inserted into the uterus using a syringe.
It may take up to two weeks to determine if you are pregnant. If pregnancy has occurred, a series of blood tests and ultrasound checks are done to make sure the embryo is developing normally. Then the normal pregnancy process continues. Many couples who cannot become parents naturally can have children with correctly planned and applied IVF treatment. Success rates in IVF treatment continue to increase day by day thanks to developing technological approaches.