In vitro fertilization is one of the methods used for women who want to have children but cannot become pregnant naturally. However, despite all efforts, the IVF cycle may fail in some cases. Depending on the patient’s health status, this method is not 100% guaranteed, and patients may have to go through more than one treatment cycle. Expertise in IVF treatment also makes a difference in this respect.
The fact that the physician you consult is a good obstetrician, not just an IVF doctor, provides a higher probability of success on a personalized basis. It’s important to be realistic, but also positive about the chances of success. In addition, there may be side effects and risks associated with IVF treatment. As a medical treatment, IVF is very unlikely to develop side effects.
The most severe of these is “ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS)”. Obstetrics and IVF Specialist Op. Dr. Nurettin Ersöz İnce gave information about the subject.
Multiple pregnancy can also be seen as a disadvantage of IVF treatment. In vitro fertilization treatments usually use more than one embryo placed back in the uterus to increase the chance of pregnancy, resulting in a higher probability of multiple pregnancy. Approximately 20-30% of IVF pregnancies can result in multiple pregnancies. Multiple pregnancies carry associated health risks for mother and baby: multiple pregnancies increase the likelihood of preterm birth, miscarriage, need for cesarean section, stillbirth, and infant health problems. It is important that all fertility clinics have robust single embryo transfer policies to avoid the risks of multiple pregnancy. With IVF treatment, especially in women with damaged fallopian tubes, the risk of ectopic pregnancy doubles to 1-3%.
On the other hand, there is evidence that the high estrogen levels associated with IVF may increase the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight in infants. There is increasing evidence that high stimulation during IVF increases the chance of a baby being born prematurely and with a lower birth weight.
This has been associated with long-term health problems for the child. The theory is that high estrogen levels can affect the intrauterine environment. It has been observed that babies born with drug-free and low-medication approaches are more likely to be born on time and with a higher birth weight than those born with high-stimulation IVF treatment associated with high estrogen levels.
This is one of the reasons why we stick to natural and mild IVF treatment, as we believe that the success of treatment is not just a live birth, but a healthy full-term live birth.
The situation that we can count among the disadvantages of IVF treatment is that it is especially challenging for the mental state of the woman. IVF treatment can take an emotional/psychological toll. Going through IVF treatment is a highly emotional and stressful experience. Treatment can be physically and emotionally demanding.