Precautions to Take During Pregnancy

Istanbul IVF Centers.

Are swelling in hands and feet during pregnancy normal?
Swelling of the hands and feet during pregnancy (gestational edema) is one of the most common problems. It occurs as a result of water and salt retention under the influence of pregnancy hormones. It is more common in summer and increases with longer standing time.

It is one of the symptoms that are considered normal during pregnancy. When it is accompanied by high blood pressure and loss of protein in the urine, it is called preeclampsia and it is a condition with very serious consequences. Gestational edema alone usually involves the feet, ankles and hands. In the morning, swelling can be seen on the face.

Women may not be able to fit in their shoes and wear their rings. The reason for the increase of swelling in the summer is due to the enlargement of the veins in the skin with the heat. In its treatment, it is recommended to restrict salt, raise the legs above the heart level at every opportunity, and stay in cooler environments as possible. It is beneficial for women with heirs to wear compression stockings, but this can be difficult in summer heat.

It is recommended that women with swollen hands should not remove their rings or wear them. Gestational edema usually increases in late pregnancy. After the birth, the swelling gradually decreases, but some women may get worse in the first 15 days after birth. During the recovery period of the swelling, excessive urine output is seen as a result of the removal of the retained fluid.

What is the Risk of Cell Phone Use During Pregnancy?
Children who are exposed to cell phone signals before birth are more likely to experience some behavioral problems: these are hyperactivity, attention deficit, and problems with focus.

Even if the scientific studies on the subject are not sufficient yet, it would still be a precautionary approach to take some simple measures to reduce contact with mobile phones during pregnancy and in children. These are simple but important measures to reduce our exposure to harmful signals by keeping your mobile phone away from your body or using devices that prevent it from being brought to the ear.

Scientific studies say it is time to take action to reduce contact with the mobile phone. The purpose of these studies is to educate the society about health risks and to take the necessary measures to reduce these risks.

Fasting and Pregnancy
Studies on fasting during the month of Ramadan have not shown the negative effect of fasting on maternal and infant health in general. In studies performed on women who fasted during different periods of pregnancy and compared with non-fasting control groups, no metabolic problem was shown in the mother due to fasting, while no difference was found in newborn weights.

Although the findings obtained in the studies are relaxing, it should be noted that the periods of fasting are longer when hungry and thirsty are longer and the weather coincides with hotter summer months. As Istanbul IVF, our recommendation is that pregnant women who are fasting should not stay in the heat as much as possible, consume plenty of fluids during sahur and rest in the shade during the day.

Travel by plane
Pregnancy alone is a condition that increases the tendency of the blood to clot. Staying immobile for a long time during air travel can cause blood to clot in the leg veins and dislodge this clot and block the blood flow to vital organs such as lungs and brain, even in people who are not pregnant. Although this condition, called thromboembolic event, is rare, it is important in terms of creating a life-threatening picture.

The British Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RCOG) made some recommendations in the guide published in 2001 to reduce the risk of thromboembolism for pregnant women planning to travel by air. It is also recommended to wear varicose stockings in order to minimize the risk in some cases, apart from staying still for a long time and taking sufficient fluid.

These recommendations apply to all pregnant women from the beginning of pregnancy until the end of the 6th week (puerperium). However, additional recommendations are made in the presence of additional risk factors such as age, previous thromboembolic history, family history, preeclampsia, and varicose veins in addition to pregnancy.

About flu infection treatment and flu vaccine during pregnancy
Due to the suppressed immune system during pregnancy, influenza infection is both more severe and lasts longer and has more complications. Since nasal obstruction alone is common during pregnancy, it cannot be interpreted as a flu infection unless there is another accompanying symptom. In addition to nasal congestion, weakness, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, fever between 37-38 degrees, chest pain, cough and loss of appetite are other common symptoms.

What should be done to relax?
It is necessary to increase the daily fluid intake. 8-10 glasses of water or equivalent fruit juices and ayran should be drunk a day.




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