What are the reproductive treatment methods?

Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Prof. Dr. Ercan Baştu told you what you need to know about assisted reproductive treatment methods.

If you’ve been trying to get pregnant for a while and aren’t successful, your next step should be to see an obstetrician and gynecologist. Your doctor will try to help you realize your desire to be a parent by offering the most suitable options for your situation.

So, what can be suggested?

More appropriate timing of intercourse (within the framework of the woman’s ovulation cycle) can be planned. Some lifestyle changes may be required (eg, smoking cessation, weight control). Medication may be prescribed to correct hormonal issues or stimulate ovulation. Depending on the underlying cause of the reproductive problem, surgery can be performed on the reproductive organs, if necessary. Assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) may also be recommended.

Drug treatments

Women may need to take hormone medications to stimulate ovulation with egg growth and increase the likelihood that the uterus will allow the embryo to grow. Your specialist doctor will give you detailed information about the use of hormone medication.

Medical procedures

Some medical procedures may be necessary when fertility drugs alone do not help.

Surgery: Surgical methods can be used to remove blockages in the fallopian tubes and to retrieve eggs or sperm to be used in fertility treatments.

Vaccination (IUI): A thin tube (catheter) carries sperm directly into the woman’s womb (uterus) through the vagina. During vaccination, the woman may need to take fertility drugs to help her ovaries produce one or more eggs.

In vitro fertilization (IVF): This process involves a series of steps that will allow fertilization to occur outside of the woman’s body. First, fertility drugs help the woman’s ovaries produce one or more eggs. Eggs are then collected from the females. Eggs are fertilized with sperm in the laboratory to produce one or more embryos. If the embryos develop well, the embryo is transferred to the woman’s uterus through a thin tube to achieve pregnancy.

Embryo transfer: It is the process of transferring one or more embryos/frozen embryos to the uterus (uterus) of the woman to start the normal pregnancy process after the IVF procedure.

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) also includes in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), and frozen embryo transfer (FET).

Couples who have had problems with reproduction for more than 1 year under the age of 35 and for more than 6 months at the age of 35 should seek treatment support from an obstetrician and gynecologist without further delay.


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